An aneurysm: Things you need to know about to prevent it

An aneurysm is a very rare condition. Though rare, this disease is fatal. Thus, it is important to know the details about this disease.

An aneurysm is a blockage in the blood vessel that is due to the weakening of the blood vessel wall. Most aneurysms do not show any symptoms at all. It can be harmless unless it has reached its severe stage. It can appear in any blood vessel but is more common in the abdominal aorta and the brain.

Here are the types of aneurysm:

Brain aneurysm

This type of aneurysm occurs in the brain and is called an inter-cranial or a cerebral aneurysm. It may lead to a more complex condition – subarachnoid haemorrhage. You may have a cerebral aneurysm if you are experiencing the following:

  • Sudden extreme headache which is often described as a “thunderclap headache”. It may then lead to a blinding pain.
  • Stiff neck
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain when looking at light

Most people who experience subarachnoid haemorrhage die in just two weeks and those who survive can have severe brain damage and permanent disability.

Abdominal aneurysm

This is a swelling in the aorta and can be fatal if not treated immediately. It can enlarge and can cause fatal bleeding. Symptoms include the following:

  • A feeling of pulsation in the tummy
  • Pain in the tummy and back which does not go away
  • Dizziness
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fainting

Diagnosis and treatment

If you are suspected of having an aneurysm, your doctor may request a series of medical procedures. These may include but are not limited to:

  • CT scan. This is the first exam to determine if there is any cerebral haemorrhage.
  • Cerebrospinal fluid test. This is requested if the symptoms of a cerebral haemorrhage are present, but it does not appear in the CT scan.
  • MRI scan. A private MRI scan in London can clearly and fully assess the arteries.
  • Cerebral angiogram. This method is more invasive than any other diagnostic test but is more reliable.

Treatment may include surgery especially if the status of the blockage is serious. If it can still be controlled, your doctor may recommend that you manage the risk factors that may lead to a ruptured aneurysm.

Measures to prevent chances of an aneurysm

If your doctor suspects that you have an aneurysm, you may be able to eliminate the chance of having it rupture if you stop smoking, stop the use of recreational drugs and make sure that you eat a healthy balanced diet.

To prevent the chances of suffering from an aneurysm, it is important to manage your blood pressure and sugar levels as these two can cause more pressure on the blood vessels.

If you feel that your migraines and headaches are something more than what is normal, then consult your doctor immediately. Preventing an aneurysm may seem impossible but living a healthy and balanced lifestyle will surely help you reduce the possibility of it.

Image: Pixabay.com

Dee Jones