What Are Ovarian Cysts?
Ovarian cysts are small fluid-filled sacs that grow in a woman’s ovaries. Generally, most cysts are harmless, but some can cause problems such as rupture, pain or bleeding. A woman can get ovarian cysts at any age, but in women of childbearing years, they are most common because cysts tend to be caused by the menstrual cycle and the instabilities it causes in your body.
What causes an ovarian cyst?
Follicle cysts and corpus luteum cysts the most common non-cancerous ovarian cysts.
During a normal menstrual cycle, your ovaries release an egg which develops in a tiny follicle or sac. Follicle cysts happen when this sac doesn’t break open and release the egg. Instead, it continues growing and forms a cyst.
Corpus luteum cysts
Corpus luteum cysts form if the follicle sac doesn’t shrink after it releases the egg, but instead re-seals itself. Fluid then builds up inside the sac and forms a cyst which sometimes bleeds or twists the ovary causing aching.
Other non-cancerous types are:
What Are the Ovarian Cysts Symptoms?
Usually, ovarian cysts do not create symptoms and are found during a routine physical exam. They also can be seen as an incidental finding on an ultrasound performed for other reasons. These are variable and may include:
Signs and symptoms
Most cysts don’t show any symptoms. If symptoms are visible, they are always useful for diagnosing an ovarian cyst. Symptoms of an ovarian cyst may include:
Other Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts are:
If you experience any of the above symptoms, it’s advisable to bring it up with your doctor to get an ovarian cyst treatment as early as possible.