Varicose veins, varicosities or varicoses refer to enlarged veins. These veins look dilated and swollen due to blood overflow. The varicose veins are red or bluish purple in colour. They often cause pain.
It mostly affects the lower part of the legs. The symptoms are common in both men and women. As per medical records, 25 percent of adults suffer from varicose veins.
Causes of Varicose Veins
The problem is evident when the veins fail to function properly. They are a one-way route preventing backward blood flow. When the veins cannot function properly, the blood does not flow towards the heart and instead, starts collecting in the veins. It makes the veins look enlarged. The veins in the legs are farthest from the heart and gravity prevents the blood from flowing upwards.
Some common causes for forming varicose veins are as follows:
Symptoms of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins have different symptoms. Some of them are very common while the rest are unusual.
Diagnosis of Varicose Veins
Treatment for Varicose Veins
The doctors may ask for lifestyle changes while treating the problem. However, aggressive treatment is also suggested if the problem is more severe and the patients feel heavy and persistent pain.
By making some changes in your lifestyle, you can prevent the problem from occurring at all or getting worse.
Varicose vein surgery is considered an ‘advance vein therapy’. If you are not getting benefits even after changing your lifestyle and/or feel severe pain, your doctor may suggest an invasive treatment.
Vein stripping and ligation requires anesthesia as a part of surgical therapy. It is an incisive method that requires the doctor to cut the varicose veins for removal. More advanced vein stripping surgeries are available these days but usually avoided by the expert doctors as they prefer new-age invasive options to remove varicose veins.