Different Treatment Options for Cancer

Cancer is an uncontrolled growth of cells that invade and damage the body’s normal tissues like skin, fat, and muscles. These cells infect a certain part of the body and grow at a rapid pace usually resulting in tumors which are detrimental to a person’s health.

According to the American Cancer Society, a projected 1,735,350 new cancer cases and 609,640 deaths caused by cancer will occur in the US in 2018. The World Health Organization states that cancer is the second leading cause of death globally and that nearly 1 in 6 deaths is due to this illness. Thus, the world’s governments take it seriously, prompting treatment support such as the energy employees occupational illness compensation act.

There are many ways to treat cancer especially with the advancements in technology. Below are a few of the different types of treatments, what they do, and how they work.


This is the most well-known treatment for cancer. It utilizes drugs to stop or slow down the growth of cancer cells and is used with other cancer treatments to boost their effectiveness. Chemotherapy carries side-effects though. These include loss of hair and fatigue as the drugs also target healthy cells in the body.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy utilizes high doses of X-ray radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. This treatment targets the cell’s DNA which results in the cells breaking down and eventually removed from the body. Radiation therapy is mostly used to treat brain, bone, and chest cancer.


Surgery is the most direct way of treating cancer as it directly removes the infected cell from the body. Cryosurgery or cryotherapy is a branch of surgery which utilizes extremely cold temperatures by way of liquid nitrogen or argon gas to destroy the infected cells. The dead cells are then removed from the body.

Laser Surgery

Laser surgery is a type of surgery which utilizes small beams of laser to cut through tissue. Lasers can focus accurately on tiny areas, making them superior to scalpels. The treatment is suitable for cancers occurring in sensitive places such as the brain.


This treatment boosts your immune system to help it fight the cancer cells in your body. It is a type of biological treatment which uses substances made from living organisms to treat the illness, meaning no drugs are used. The only setback in this treatment is that it can cause flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, nausea, and fatigue.

Microwave Ablation

This treatment is one of the newer ways of treating cancer. It works by inserting a probe into the tumor and releasing micro-electromagnetic waves to kill the infected cells. As it is a non-invasive method, it is mostly used on patients who can’t apply for open surgery such as infants, the elderly, or people with poor physique.


Above are just some of the well-known treatment options for cancer. Note that there are multiple other treatments available. The best type of treatment to use varies from patient to patient.