Scope of Dermatology with Special Focus on Cosmetic Surgery

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There are several areas of specialization in the field of medical science. If it comes to skin problems and treatment, a dermatologist is the specialist to pay a visit to. Dermatologists treat the following body parts:

  • Skin
  • Nails
  • Hair
  • Mucous membranes that line inside the mouth, eyelids and nose.

According to dermatologists, there are more than 3000 different types of dermatological disorders. These include acne, eczema, psoriasis, hair fall, premature graying of hair, nail infections and even skin cancer.

A dermatologist is also consulted to improve the appearance of skin, nails and hair.

  • A dermatologist can help remove wrinkles, fine lines, age spots and other signs of ageing.
  • He may perform surgery to remove skin related problems and even cancer.
  • He treats scars caused by acne and other skin related problems.

Any person, irrespective of age and gender, can suffer from skin problems. Therefore, dermatologists treat patients of both sexes and different ages. Even a newborn can have skin problems and need medical attention.

Even in dermatology, there are multiple fields for speculation. Irrespective of preferred or chosen field, all dermatologists are trained in the following areas:

  • Medical Dermatology: It is related to diagnosis, treatment and preventive measures for the diseases affecting skin, nails and hair.
  • Dermatopathology: Pathological reports help dermatologists choose what could be the perfect treatment for a particular dermatological problem. The doctor removes and collects samples for examining under a microscope in order to evaluate the underlying causes of the problems.
  • Surgical Dermatology: Dermatologists eliminate problems affecting skin, nails and hair by performing surgery.
  • Cosmetic Dermatology: Involves treatment to enhance appearance of someone by surgically removing the in-born or acquired defects. It is not about treating problems but related to look enhancement of an individual.

How to Be a Cosmetic Dermatologist?

After specialization in dermatology, one can start practicing cosmetic dermatology. It may require a long time to be a skilled and successful dermatologist in Austin. An aspiring cosmetic dermatologist must

  • Have a bachelor’s degree
  • Become a MD (Medical Doctor) or DO (Osteopathic Medicine)
  • Have completed a one year internship
  • Undergo residency program (at least 3 years) in dermatology

Some doctors continue with their medical education even after becoming a dermatologist. This advanced education is called a fellowship. Doctors undergo advanced surgical training in aesthetic/cosmetic dermatology.

It takes one year to complete a fellowship program. During the fellowship program, a dermatologist is introduced to extensive surgical training to acquire skill in

  • Specialized surgical treatment for skin cancer
  • Reconstruction to heal wounds resulting from a surgery to treat skin cancer
  • Sclerotherapy for spider veins
  • Hair transplantation
  • Injecting fillers to treat sagging skin
  • Laser surgery
  • Tumescent liposuction which is a process of fat removal without applying anaesthetic to the patient.

Dermatologists, who do not undergo training in cosmetic process during a residency period, are also allowed to practice cosmetic surgery. If you want to visit a dermatologist for cosmetic surgery, make sure to check the person’s skill so that safety and quality are always guaranteed.

Ellen Cone