Medicine is the application of science to the study of disease, injury, and illness. It is used to treat, prevent and cure. It implies the application of science to achieve the purpose of treating, preventing and curing. It is used by people to overcome health problems.
Health is a condition of mental, physical and social well being in which infirmity and disease are absent. It is necessary to maintain a healthy life and to keep the body in good health condition. People should have the right to enjoy their lives in their own way without hassles. All these can be realized with the help of science and technology. In this article we will see different types of complementary medicine, their use and benefits.
The concept of complementary medicine originated from ancient medicine and it gradually took shape in the fields of traditional healthcare, especially in developed countries. This idea was later adopted by other countries like UK and USA. In developed countries like USA, health system is characterized by the presence of many medical specialties. People living in such countries face a lot of health problems and hence they look for some alternative form of health care. In this article we will see different types of complementary medicine. They are broadly categorized as general healthcare, community health care, primary healthcare, pediatric healthcare, women’s health, community health care, geriatric healthcare and specialty healthcare.
General healthcare encompasses all forms of complementary medicine such as traditional Chinese medicine, homeopathy, Ayurveda, Indian ayurvedic medicine, chiropractic medicine, yoga therapy, nutrition therapy and clinical research. These have the same basic principles like those found in other forms of medicine. These include prevention of diseases, promotion of health, maintenance of health, the promotion of fitness, weight loss and proper functioning of the immune system.
The term ‘holistic medicine’ refers to an approach to medicine that includes massage, diet, exercise and psychological counseling. This concept is also known as complementary health care. On the other hand, the term ‘childhood health’ refers to any type of medicine that helps develop youth and promotes health across the life course. This can be broadly classified into preventative health care, curative health care and therapeutic health care. Preventive health care mainly deals with promoting health through prevention of diseases and conditions such as cancer; AIDS and diabetes.
On the other hand, curative health care deals with treating diseases and conditions that have already occurred. Therapeutic health care aims at improving health and preventing diseases. It also aims at promoting healthy behaviors and preventing diseases and conditions that may occur in the future. This includes curbing the spread of transmittable diseases, preventing occupational or travel-related diseases and preventing the occurrence of conditions that are associated with high health risks like obesity and diabetes. Global health initiatives aspire to eliminate health disparities by building on the capacity of all communities to deliver quality public health services.