Weight loss surgery, also referred to as bariatric surgery is used to treat people that are dangerously obese or have type 2 diabetes. Dangerously obese people are estimated to have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of over 40 or whose BMI is over 35 and suffer from other health conditions like hypertension. Weight loss surgery is ideal for individuals that fall into either of these categories.
There are different types of weight loss surgery to help limit the amount of food that you eat. Each of these surgeries has their own advantages and disadvantages. Choosing the right surgery is difficult as it largely depends on your lifestyle, habits and risk aversion. These types include:
A small balloon like band is placed on top of the stomach. It is used to reduce the size of the stomach so that you only require less food to feel satisfied.
Here, the digestive system is routed past most of your stomach. Only a small part of the stomach called the pouch is left. This allows most of the food not to be digested. Most of the food goes to the small intestines; it takes a shorter period of time before you get full.
A part of the stomach is removed to reduce the amount of food required to make you full. Only a small part of the upper stomach referred to as gastric sleeve is left. Eighty percent of the stomach is removed.
Although this kind of surgery can deliver great results, people that have undergone this will have to stick to life long plans to avoid health complications and additional weight again. Such plans include a strict diet and exercise. Medical conditions related to obesity always improve after this operation. Its use requires medical follow up for the rest of the patient’s life.
Its most common side effects include sweating, diarrhea, vomiting, increased gas, vomiting, nausea and dizziness. Serious side effects could include blood clots in the leg, heart and lungs, bleeding and infections. However, very few people get these side effects. This method of weight loss is not recommended for women of child bearing age. This is because nutritional deficiencies can harm the developing baby.
These surgical procedures should only be considered if you cannot lose weight through dieting and exercise or if you have serious health problems that are directly related to obesity. Most people that opt to have a weight loss surgery, lose weight quickly and enjoy long-lasting results. If you decide that a weight loss surgery is right for your it is important that you find a doctor that is you are comfortable with and has experience with these types of procedures.